3176C Engine for the R1600G and the R1700G Load Haul Dumps Oil Pressure Is Low Caterpillar


Oil Pressure Is Low
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1.1. Probable Causes
2.1. Recommended Repairs
3.2. Low Engine Oil Level
4.2. Contaminated Engine Oil
5.2. Incorrect Viscosity
6.2. Faulty Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
7.2. Improper Circulation of the Engine Oil
8.2. Worn Components

Probable Causes

  • Low engine oil level

  • Contaminated engine oil

  • Incorrect viscosity

  • Faulty oil pressure sensor

  • Improper circulation of the engine oil

  • Worn components

Recommended Repairs

Low Engine Oil Level

Check the oil level. Add oil, as needed.

Contaminated Engine Oil

Engine oil that is contaminated with another liquid will cause low engine oil pressure. High engine oil level can be an indication of contamination. Obtain an analysis of the engine oil. Determine the reason for contamination of the engine oil and make the necessary repairs. Change the engine oil and the engine oil filter. For the correct engine oil to use, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual.

Incorrect Viscosity

Make sure that the engine is supplied with the correct engine oil. For the correct engine oil to use, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual.

Faulty Engine Oil Pressure Sensor

Use AVSpare Electronic Technician (ET) to check the reading of the engine oil pressure while the engine is off. The reading should be close to zero pressure.

If a reading is significantly different from zero, refer to Troubleshooting, "Sensor Signal (Analog, Active) - Test".

Improper Circulation of the Engine Oil

Several factors could cause improper circulation of the engine oil:

  • The engine oil filter is clogged. Replace the engine oil filter.

  • An engine oil line or a passage for engine oil is disconnected or broken.

  • The engine oil cooler is clogged. Thoroughly clean the engine oil cooler.

  • There is a problem with a piston cooling jet. Breakage, a restriction, or incorrect installation of a piston cooling jet will cause seizure of the piston.

  • The inlet screen of the suction tube for the engine oil pump can have a restriction. This restriction will cause cavitation and a loss of engine oil pressure. Check the inlet screen on the suction tube and remove any material that may be restricting engine oil flow.

  • The suction tube is drawing in air. Check the joints of the tube for cracks or for a damaged O-ring seal.

  • There is a problem with the engine oil pump. Check the gears of the engine oil pump for excessive wear. Engine oil pressure is reduced by gears that have too much wear.

  • The engine oil pump's pressure regulating valve or a bypass valve is stuck in the open position. Clean the valve. Replace parts, if necessary.

Worn Components

Excessive clearance at the crankshaft or camshaft bearings will cause low engine oil pressure. Also, inspect the clearance between the rocker arm shafts and the rocker arms. Check the engine components for excessive clearance.

Obtain an analysis of the engine oil. Check the analysis for the level of wear metals in the engine oil.

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