CB-534D, CB-534D XW and CB-564D Paving Compactors Machine Systems Metering Pump (Steering) Caterpillar


Metering Pump (Steering)
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1.1. Oil Flow



Illustration 1g00939396

Metering Pump

(1) Inner spool

(2) Sleeve

(3) Outlet port

(4) Port

(5) Inlet port

(6) Rotor

(7) Rotor ring

(8) Drive shaft

(9) Centering springs

(10) Pin

(11) Left turn port

(12) Right turn port

(13) Housing




Illustration 2g00935448

Schematic of the Metering Pump

(LD) Line from the steering pump

(P) Line from the steering pump

(T) Line to the charge filter

The metering pump is made up of the following two sections:

  • Control section (A)

  • Metering section (B)

The two sections are connected by hydraulics and by mechanics. The two sections work together in order to send oil to the steering cylinders.

Pump oil goes through inlet port (5) into control section (A). When the steering wheel is turned, control section (A) sends oil to metering section (B). Metering section (B) produces a specific amount of oil flow. Metered oil from metering section (B) is then directed by control section (A) to either left turn port (11) or right turn port (12).

Metering section (B) is a small hydraulic pump. The hydraulic pump produces a metered amount of oil flow. Then, the metered oil is directed by the control section (A) to the steering cylinders.

The direction and the speed are controlled by the metering pump. As the steering wheel is turned faster, there is an increase in the flow of oil from the metering pump to the cylinders. The increased flow causes the cylinders to move faster. The result is faster movement of the machine.

Oil Flow

Oil flows through outlet port (3). When the steering wheel is in the NO STEER position, the oil is stopped by spool (1). The oil cannot flow to the metering pump to the steering cylinders until the steering wheel is turned.

The steering column is connected to spool (1) by a shaft and a spline coupling.

When the steering wheel is turned, spool (1) turns a small amount until springs (9) are compressed. When the drive pinion contacts the ends of the slots, sleeve (2) also turns.

While the steering wheel is turning, the spool and the sleeve are spread apart by a few degrees. The spool and the sleeve rotate as one unit. The centering springs are compressed.

The initial movement of the spool opens the oil passages between the control section and the metering section. This allows the oil flow from inlet port (5) to go to the metering section.




Illustration 3g00939398

Spool and Sleeve

(1) Inner spool

(10) Pin

(14) Slots for centering springs

(15) Outer sleeve

(16) Grooves for oil flow

(17) Holes for pin

(18) Small holes for oil flow

When the steering wheel is turned, spool (1), pin (10), and drive (8) start to turn. Sleeve (15) does not turn at the same time as spool (1) because the diameter of holes (17) in sleeve (15) are slightly larger than the diameter of pin (10). Consequently, spool (1) turns inside sleeve (15) enough to align small holes (18) in sleeve (15) with grooves (16) in spool (1). The alignment of these holes and grooves provides the path for oil flow to the gerotor. The oil now flows to the steering cylinder. Centering springs (9) are compressed when the spool moves in relation to the sleeve. When the steering wheel is no longer turning, the springs bring the spool and the sleeve back to a center position.

The front end of the machine stays in the turned position when the steering stops. The steering wheel must be turned in the opposite direction in order to straighten the machine.

When the machine is off, the metering pump can be manually operated. The metering section (B) operates as a pump. The suction of the metering section opens an internal check valve. When the internal check valve opens, return oil flows from the steering cylinder to the inlet side of the metering section. During power operation, supply pressure keeps the check valve closed.

The internal check valve converts the metering pump into a hand operated pump for limited manual steering capability.

Line (LD) receives oil from the steering pump. This oil is the same oil that provided the pressure in order to shift the priority valve in the steering pump.

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